Subject guide for Political Science


The subject guide offers you important resources within the field of Political Science. If you have comments or suggestions for other information to the site, please feel free to send an email to the editors or come by our office.

Good places to start - Key sources

Reference works

  • International Encyclopedia of Political Science
    This encyclopaedia contains review articles from leading international scholars as well as a detailed index and extensive bibliographical references. It covers every field of politics, from political theory and methodology (i.e. quantitative and qualitative research methods within political science) to political sociology, comparative politics, public policies, and international relations.
  • (only in Danish)
    At this site you can acquire knowledge of Denmark’s history from antiquity until today.
  • Dictionary of the Social Sciences
    Here you can find concise and clearly written definitions of more than 1,500 important terms within different social science disciplines such as anthropology, sociology, political science, economics, human geography, cultural studies, and Marxism.
  • Encyclopedia of Social Measurement
    A reference work with more than 300 articles about method and empirical analysis within the social sciences. You can find quantitative and qualitative research methods, analytical techniques, sampling designs and statistical methods, as well as examples of data sets etc.
  • International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences - IESS
    An academic reference work within social sciences that contains short review articles with comprehensive bibliographic references. The work covers, among others, the fields of anthropology, ethnology, demography, economics, political science, sociology etc.
  • Keesing's Record of World Events (until 1987 Keesings Contemporary Archives)
    Monthly overview over the most important world events based on newspapers. It has been published since 1931. There are detailed annual person and subject indexes as well as an annual country overview. At AU Library it can be found in a printed edition from 1950/52 and forward.
  • Oxford Reference Online
    Oxford Reference Online is a joint access to 100 reference works from Oxford University Press within many fields such as economics, medicine, history, politics etc.
  • Sage Knowledge
    This is an electronic reference works within arts and social science.
  • Den Store Danske (only in Danish)
    This is the largest Danish general encyclopaedia, but it also has many articles about specific Danish conditions. It is basically a digitised edition of the printed encyclopaedia which counts 23 volumes and was published under the name Den store Danske Encyclopædi (i.e. The Great Danish Encyclopaedia).
  • Wikipedia (in many languages)
    An encyclopaedia with openly editable content. It can be accessed in many different languages and in different versions.

Article databases

  • Scopus
    This is an article database and citation index. Due to the comprehensive indexing and the subsequent processing of quoted articles Scopus is a good alternative to more field specific databases. Scopus covers the fields of science, technology, medicine, social sciences, and arts and humanities. It covers from 1960 onwards.
  • ProQuest Social Sciences
    This is a joint access to databases within social science. The databases can also be found individually at the list of databases in ProQuest. There will often be full text access to the material. It covers from 1960 onwards.
  • Web of Science (in English + more)
    This database is a unique subject entry to international academic literature (especially American literature) within all fields. It is possible to make a chained search by means of the reference lists of the indexed articles. Some of the articles are available in full text. The database covers from 1900 and onwards.
  • Worldwide Political Science Abstracts
    This database provides abstracts of journal articles. Some of the articles are available in full text. The database covers the fields of international politics, sociology, political history, history, political science and economics. It covers from 1975 and onwards. (Included in ProQuest Social Sciences).
  • Annual Reviews
    This is a collection of e-journals with state of the art review articles within natural and social sciences written by leading scientist. It covers from 1932 onwards.
  • African Journals online
    This database is also referred to as AJOL, and it is the world's largest collection of peer-reviewed, African-published scholarly journals. You can find peer-reviewed English and French language journals published in African countries. The database covers all fields. Some of the articles are available in full text.
    Journal database/archive with full text access to leading academic journals within all fields. Normally, there is no access to the last three to five volumes, but usually to all other published volumes.

All databases at AU Library


  • Politica (in Danish, some parts of the website are in English)
    Denmark’s leading journal for political science. Through there is access to volume 1968-2014, from 2015 and onwards can be found at Politica’s website. The articles are in Danish, but abstracts in English can be found at the site under ‘The journal’.
    PhD-theses at the Department of Political Science published by Politica can likewise be found at
  • Administrativ debat (only in Danish)
    This is the members’ journal for the Danish department of the organisation NAF, Nordiska administrativa förbundet). The journal features current problems for the Danish national and municipal administration. The journal can be found at AU Library in a printed edition from 1990 and onwards.
  • (only in Norwegian)
    This a Norwegian database for Norwegian specialist journals. Articles published after 2004 can all be found in the database. There is full text access to all journals unless otherwise specified at the introduction site for the individual journal.
  • Mandag Morgen (only in Danish)
    This is a journal with in-depth journalistic analyses of current political and economic events that can change the society. The journal published articles, reports and special issues where new opportunities and solutions to current risks and challenges are pointed out. The journal can be found at AU Library in a printed edition from 1990 and onwards.
  • Nordisk administrativt tidsskrift (only in Nordic/Scandinavian languages)
    The journal is published by Nordisk Administrativt Forbund. The journal has been published since 1920 and is thereby the oldest multidisciplinary journal in the Nordic countries. The journal can be found at AU Library in a printed edition from 1920 and onwards. From 2011 and onwards there is electronic access.
  • Politik (only in Danish)
    This is a multidisciplinary social science journal that communicates academic arguments about politics in the widest sense. Previous titel: Politologiske studier. The journal can be found at AU Library in a printed edition from 1998-2015. From 2016 and onwards available as an e-journal.
  • Politologisk årbog (only in Danish)
    A yearbook with the best reseach contributions from the past year within the field of political science across the Danish universities. It can be found at AU Library in a printed edition from 2012/2013 and onwards.
  • Ræson (only in Danish)
    An independent journal about Danish and international politics, which is written by experts, journalists and politicians.
  • Samfundsøkonomen (only in Danish)
    The journal deals broadly with social studies and it uses analytical approaches from all the social sciences. The journal can be found at AU Library in a printed edition, and from 2010 it is also available as an e-journal through AU Library’s database.
  • Scandinavian Political Studies
    This journal is published by The Nordic Political Science Association (NoPSA), which is the Nordic extension of the national associations of political science in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden.
  • (only in Danish)
    This is the national portal for retro-digitised Danish specialist and scientific journals.
  • Udenrigs (mostly in Danish)
    The Danish Foreign Policy Society’s journal about international politics. It is the only one of its kind in Denmark that solely addresses foreign politics. The journal can be found at AU Library in a printed edition. From 2005 and onwards it is also available as an e-journal.
  • Ugebrevet A4 (only in Danish)
    One of Denmark’s most agenda-setting media. It contributes to the debate about the job market, the welfare state and those values and trends that characterise Denmark in the present and the future.
  • Økonomi & Politik (only in Danish)
    This is a social science journal with articles, book reviews and features in the borderline between the economic and the political field. It can be found at AU Library in a printed edition from 1927 and onwards.

Newspapers and media

  • Infomedia (only in Danish)
    Here you can find full text articles from Danish national, regional and local daily and weekly newspapers, specialist journals, magazines and news agencies. It covers from around 1990 and onwards.
  • Retriever (Norwegian and Swedish) 
    The largest Nordic media archive of printed national and international newspapers, websites, blogs, television and radio. The time period vary according to the specific source. Even though the website is in Norwegian, it is possible to find articles etc. in English.
  • LexisNexis Academic
    LexisNexis is a global database that gives access to billions of searchable documents and records from more than 45,000 legal, news- and business-oriented sources. The time period varies according to the specific source.
  • Factiva
    Dow Jones Factiva is a unique information solution that combines comprehensive global news with first class business information.
  • Mediestream (the site is in Danish and English)
    Mediestream provides online access to Det Kgl. Biblioteks digital collections of Danish cultural heritage. So far it covers newspapers, radio, television as well as commercials. Most of the content is in Danish.
  • (only in Danish)
    Sound archive of radiometer. contains radio and television broadcasts aired on selected Danish channels as well as historical program listings, radio reports and manuscripts.

Legislation, election surveys and party programs in Denmark

  • Elections and political parties in Denmark

  • (in Danish and English – more detailed in Danish)
    Here you can find information about Folketinget, the Danish Parliament, and its work. You can find information about, e.g. the members, the political parties, and numbers and facts about the parliamentary elections. There is also access to laws and proposals for resolutions as well as information about the committees and delegations and their work, but most of this is published in Danish. Coverage of parliamentary years see the web-archive.
  • (only in Danish)
    This is a website with access to the joint Danish state legal information system. It is possible to search in all laws and regulations that are published by ministries and central state administrations, in documents from Folketinget, the Danish Parliament, and in reports from the Danish Parliamentary Ombudsman.
  • (The Office of the Folketing Hansard)
    The Office of the Folketing Hansard writes and publishes the official report of the plenary proceedings in the Folketing and has been doing so since the abolishment of the absolute monarchy in 1850. Up until 2009 the report was published in a printed version, but today it is completely digital and published solely on the internet.  
  • Betænkninger (only in Danish)
    The site contains all numbered commission reports from no 1/1951 as well as a selection of unnumbered commission reports. They are available in full text as a pdf. See also: The bibliography ”Danske Kommissionsbetænkning” contains around 9,700 references covering literature from 1850 till 1994. The references of the bibliography can be found in AU Library’s database.
  • Altinget (only in Danish)
    This is an online newspaper and a portal about Danish politics. Here you can find news, background information, analyses and profiles. In addition, the site features opinion polls, press releases from the political parties and news from Folketinget, the Danish Parliament. There is access to theme portals within special areas of politics.

See also the subject guide for Law.



Public information and research in Denmark

  • Danish National Research Database (in Danish and English)
    A central Danish database that can ease the way to knowledge about the research in Denmark. The database covers published literature such as journal articles, PhD theses, conference presentations etc.
  • (in Danish and English) is your access to the public sector in Denmark. Here you can find public information and self-service from municipalities, regions and the state. The site in English is called and it is not a direct translation of the information at the Danish site, but it is adapted to people coming to Denmark to work.
  • CESAU - Center for Sociologiske Studier (in Danish)
    CESAU aims to support and develop sociological teaching and research at Aarhus University. This is realised through a series of initiatives directed at researchers, students, the business world and the public sector.
  • Dansk Institut for Internationale Studier - DIIS (in Danish and English)
    DIIS is the Danish Institute for International Studies, and it is an independent research institution. Its tasks include producing reports and following the international development with a view to assess Denmark’s foreign and political situation including in relation to development issues.
  • KORA (in Danish – a description of the site in English)
    This is the Danish Institute for Local and Regional Government Research. It was created in July 2012 as a result of a merger of three former institutions (AKF, DSI and KREVI). KORA is an independent institute under the Danish Ministry for Social Affairs and the Interior and it conducts analyses and research on and for municipalities and regions.
  • Magtudredningen (only in Danish)
    was a research project that was initiated at the request of Folketinget, the Danish Parliament, and the purpose was to analyse the situation of the Danish democracy at the transition to the 21st century. The project was finished in 2005. The books can still be downloaded in full text from Aarhus University Press as a book series and series of works. They are only available in Danish, but there are two publications from the series of works in English.
  • SFI - Det nationale forskningscenter for velfærd (in Danish and English)
    This is the Danish National Centre for Social Research and it is an independent national research centre under the Ministry of Social Affairs. SFI is the largest Danish research environment within the field of welfare, and it publishes a series of publications on the basis of the work that is done at the centre. All of SFI’s own publications can be downloaded for free at the website. The publications are mainly in Danish, but there are also some in English.
  • Department of Political Science, Aarhus (in Danish and English)
    The Department of Political Science was created in 1959, and it is the oldest of its kind in Denmark. The Department produces research and teaching of the highest quality within all central main subject areas of political science, including comparative politics, international politics, public administration, public policy, political sociology and methodology, as well as political theory.
  • Department of Political Science, Copenhagen (in Danish and English)
    The department was created in 1965 and has since then been educating students in social studies (cand.mag.) and in political science (cand.scient.pol.) as well as researching in Danish and comparative politics, international politics, national and international administration, sociology, economics and scientific methods.

Legislation, election surveys and party programs in Norway

Legislation, election surveys and party programs in Sweden


  • European Sources Online
    An online database and information service which provides access to information on the institutions and activities of the European Union, the countries, regions and other international organisations of Europe.
  • Center for Europæisk Politik (in Danish and English)
    This is the Centre for European Politics at Department of Political Science at Copenhagen University. It is a research centre and works with research within the field of European politics, especially research on the European Union.
  • Find-eR (in English, French and German)
    The European Commission Library collections where you can find references to books, journal articles, EU publications and documents from the EU countries’ governments concerning the EU and European integration.
  • EU Bookshop (in all official EU languages)
    EU Bookshop serves as an online bookshop, a library and an archive for publications from 1952 and onwards.
  • EU law and publications (in all official EU languages)
    This is the entry portal to publications from the EU institutions, agencies and other bodies that are published by the Publications Office.
  • EU Information Centre (in Danish and English – most comprehensive in Danish)
    Denmark’s largest website about the EU. The objective of the website is to answer questions from citizens concerning the European Union. You can find materials about the EU in general as well as the most important documents concerning the EU decision-making process.
  • EUR-Lex (in all official EU languages)
    EUR-Lex provides free access to European Union law in 23 official EU-languages (24, when Irish is demanded). It is also possible to follow the legislations procedures. The database is updated daily and it contains more than 3 million posts with texts that date back to 1951.
  • (in all official languages)
    The official website of the European Union. It is a good place to start if you are looking for information from the EU’s information and services provided by the EU, and you are not familiar with the numerous websites that EU has.
  • Eurostat (in English, French and German)
    The statistical office of the European Union is situated in Luxembourg. Its task is to provide the European Union with statistics at European level that enable comparisons between countries and regions.
    ParlGov contains information about votes, government compositions and other parliamentary matters in all of the EU and most of the OECD democracies (37 countries) from 1945 until today. The database combines approximately 1,500 parties, 910 elections and 1,400 cabinets.
    An independent organisation created to promote better debates and a larger transparency in the decision-making of the EU by giving easy access to and analysing the political decisions and activities in the European Parliament and the EU Council of Ministers.

See also Det Kgl. Bibliotek - Aarhus' subject guide about the EU (only in Danish).

Statistics and data

  • Danmarks Statistikbank/StatBank Denmark (in Danish and English)
    StatBank Denmark contains detailed official statistical information on the Danish society.
  • Comparative Agendas Project
    This is a website with entrance to information and data about political agendas (parliamentary debates, media etc.). You can find links to the different countries’ agendas projects.
  • Comparative Constitutions Project
    The aim of this project is to examine sources and the consequences of constitutional choices. The researchers collect and analyse data about the formal characteristics for written constitutions, both current and historical, for most independent states since 1789.
  • Comparative Welfare Entitlements Dataset (CWED)
    CWED contains information about social rights in 33 countries around the world.
  • DDA – Danish Data Archive (in Danish and English - most data in Danish)
    A collection of data and documentation from studies of subjects within the field of social science, health science and history. It is primarily quantitative research data in the form of surveys.
  • European Data Center for Work and Welfare (EDAC)
    EDAC provides access to a large collection of national and international datasets with information on work, welfare and the public attitudes towards a number of subjects.
  • Eurostat (in English, French and German)
    Eurostat is the statistical office of the European Union situated in Luxembourg. Its task is to provide the European Union with statistics at European level that enable comparisons between countries and regions.
  • International Social Survey Programme (ISSP)
    This is a continuing annual programme of cross-national collaboration on surveys covering topics important for social science research.
  • KOF Index of Globalization
    The site contains data for 207 countries over the period 1970-2013. The KOF index measures the three main dimensions of globalization: economic, social and political.
  • MacroDataGuide (in Norweigan and English)
    The guide is a starting point for researchers and students looking for data within social science research. The guide provides an overview of extant data sources as well as insight to their quality and comparability.
  • Manifesto Project Database
    A project based on quantitative content analyses of parties’ electoral manifestos from more than 50 countries, and it covers all free, democratic elections since 1945.
  • OECD iLibrary (in English and French)
    The database provides access to a large amount of publications and statistics that illustrates economic and social subjects within, e.g. macroeconomics, international trade, education, employment, development and research. The content is available in full text.
    ParlGov contains information about votes, government compositions and other parliamentary matters in all of the EU and most of the OECD democracies (37 countries) from 1945 until today. The database combines approximately 1,500 parties, 910 elections and 1,400 cabinets.
  • Social Expenditure Database (SOCX) (in English and French)
    OECD Social Expenditure Database includes reliable and internationally comparable statistics on public, mandatory and voluntary private social expenditure at programme level. SOCX provides a unique tool for monitoring trends in aggregate social expenditure in areas such as old age, health, family, active labour market programmes, unemployment, housing, and other social policy areas.
  • Statistik fra andre lande (the website is in Danish, links are in English)
    Links to statistics from other countries through the website of Danmarks Statistik/Statistics Denmark.
  • (only in Danish) is an online databank for surveys, and it is based on the Danish election surveys and the Danish ISSP-surveys. enables you to describe and analyse the attitudes and behaviour of the Danish people.
  • V-Dem (in English, French, Spanish and more)
    Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is a new approach to conceptualising and measuring democracy. It covers all countries (and some independent territories) from 1900 to the present, whenever possible.
  • World Development Indicators
    Statistics from the World Bank. WDI includes all of the World Bank’s member countries as well as all other economies with more than 30,000 inhabitants. 
  • World Values Survey
    The World Values Survey (WVS) is a global network of social scientist studying changing values and their impact on social and political life. The WVS is the largest non-commercial, cross-national, time series investigation of human beliefs and values.

Subject relevant websites

  • Political Science Resources
    This site addresses politics and government mainly in the UK and the USA, including election data.
  • AsiaPortal
    A Nordic information portal for researchers, students, government officers and journalists with an interest in Asia. Its content is primarily based on the social sciences and humanities.
  • Comparative Constitutions Project
    The aim of this project is to examine sources and the consequences of constitutional choices. The researchers collect and analyse data about the formal characteristics for written constitutions, both current and historical, for most independent states since 1789.
  • DiVA Portal (in English, Norwegian and Swedish)
    Here you can find Swedish and Norwegian research publications and student theses.
  • Freedom House (in English and Spanish)
    Freedom House is widely acknowledged as the ultimate source of information about the status of freedom all over the world.
  • Google Book Search (in many languages including Danish and English)
    This database contains scanned books from commercial publishers and university libraries. There is free access to reading and printing the text, if the books are no longer subject to copyrights.
  • GoogleScholar (in many languages including Danish and English)
    A search engine for searching for scientific literature such as papers, preprints, articles and books within all fields. The articles come from non-specified scientific periodicals and professional societies, organisations, institutions, universities and online repositories.
  • NIAS, Nordic Institute of Asian Studies
    NIAS, the Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, is an academically independent Nordic research and resource center focusing on modern Asia from a predominantly social sciences perspective.
  • Statesman's yearbook
    The yearbook includes information on all countries in the world. The archive covers the period from 1864 to the present. It can be found at AU Library in a printed version.
  • V-Dem (in English, French, Spanish and more)
    Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem) is a new approach to conceptualising and measuring democracy. It covers all countries (and some independent territories) from 1900 to the present, whenever possible.
  • World Constitutions Illustrated
    World Constitutions Illustrated contains the current constitution for every country in its original language format and an English translation. Access via Hein Online.
  • World factbook
    This website provides information on the history, people, government, economy, energy, geography, communications, transportation, military, and transnational issues for 267 world entities. Access to full text via Hein Online.
  • World leaders
    Here you can find the names of ministers and leading government officials, ambassadors to the US, representatives to the UN as well as governors of national banks in all countries.

Online libraries

  • (in Danish and English)
    Denmark’s national library database. It contains information about materials from all Danish public and research libraries. The materials can be ordered to be picked up at your own library, Det Kgl. Bibliotek - Aarhus.
  • Aalborg University Library (in Danish and English)
    AUB is the university library of Aalborg University, and it is a public research library for Northern Jutland.
  • The Administrative Library (in Danish – introduction in English)
    DAB is the central library and documentation centre for civil servants within the Danish central government.
  • BIBSYS ( (in English and Norwegian)
    A common catalogue for all Norwegian university libraries, Nasjonalbiblioteket (the national library) and a number of other Norwegian academic and research libraries.
  • CBS Library (in Danish and English)
    CBS Library is the university library of CBS (Copenhagen Business School), and it covers the subject areas of CBS.
  • – Denmark’s Electronic Research Library (in Danish and English)
    DEFF is an organisational and technological collaboration between Danish academic, research and education libraries. The website collects many of the research libraries resources.
  • Faculty Library of Social Sciences, Copenhagen (in Danish and English)
    The Faculty Library is a part of Copenhagen University Library (KUB). The Faculty Library covers the subjects: anthropology, political science, psychology, sociology and economics.
  • Library and Archive of the Labor Movement (in Danish)
    ABA is your gateway to knowledge about the Danish labor movement history.
  • LIBRIS (in English and Swedish)
    The joint library database of the National Library of Sweden and the Swedish research and university libraries. There is access to literature within all fields.
  • Roskilde University Library (in Danish and English)
    RUB is the university library of Roskilde University.
  • The Royal Library (Det Kongelige Bibliotek)(in Danish and English)
    This is the National Library of Denmark and a part of Copenhagen University Library.
  • Statens Netbibliotek (only in Danish)
    A virtual library with electronic publications from ministries and agencies as well as other governmental authorities with administrative obligations. In addition, the site also provides access to all numbered commission reports.
  • Syddansk Universitetsbibliotek/University Library of Southern Denmark (in Danish and English)
    SUB is the university library at the University of Southern Denmark.
  • WorldCat (in English, French, German and more)
    This is a global library database, and it is the world’s largest network of library content and services. The network includes more than 10,000 Northern American libraries and some European libraries, including all Danish libraries through the data at

More information

BA-exam papers

Here you can find examples of exam sets for all courses at the bachelor programme at Political Science at Aarhus University. The examples are only in Danish.
There is no access to the students’ exam papers!


Search for theses from the Department of Political Science in Aarhus and Copenhagen.

How to refer to Folketingstidende

References to the printed version and the online version of Folketingstidende (in Danish).

Bibliography according to the standard of Politica

See examples of references from writing guidance for Politica (in Danish).

Semester shelf

See which books are placed on the semester shelf right now.


Do you know the rules about copyright, when you are studying and writing papers? Figure out how and when you can use pictures, video-recordings or other materials here.

Research guide

We have collected some the relevant information about information retrieval and on how to quickly and efficiently find the materials you need. (In danish only).

More for your studies

We have compiled the best resources for you as a student so you can get an easy overview of the services AU Library has to offer.